Varieties & Synonyms Of Irish Christian & Surnames

If you’ve ever been perplexed by finding records for an ancestor with contradictory names – ie:- Johanna, Julia, Judith, Jane; or a Garrett who becomes a Gerald or Gerard – then this book’s for you!
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James Murphy – Constable & Blacksmith

James Murphy, Constable, isn’t directly described as being the blacksmith in this article. However, since Sergeant Oliphant seems to be the target of the author’s bile, I’m pretty sure that it is he who is described as ‘posing’ as a carpenter!
[Note: I’ve added a few line breaks to make reading easier.]

The Evening Telegram – Oct 17 1887 [Monday]
Conduct of the Constables Criticised
[Letter to the Editor]
Sir, this morning might be seen, in the small door of a murky little building, called “the forge,” two of our local law protectors, or, rather, protectors of the peace, (whichever you might like to call them) standing talking over events of the last court day at Holyrood, which was on Friday last, His Honor just having returned from a shooting expedition with a full hamper of ptarmigan, which our Island-home abounds.

They were speaking about a rock that was rolled off the street a few nights previous to court day. The rock, being considered a public obstruction by a few of the young men, was “rolled away, out to the say,” where it still remains. One of the above named Constables, who wears the acting stripes, thinking to earn promotion to a dutiful servant of the Crown, persuaded a poor old woman and her son to walk six mile in the driving rain of Friday last to swear that the said rock was a “landmark” for acting Sergeant Oliphant’s benefit! Yes benefit-for him to try and vent his malicious spleen on neighbors who are not trying to injure him or his copartner, Mr Murphy. Sergeant, oh! don’t deny giving FREE summonses for the supposed parties who removed the rock. No, sir, not he! He says he can defy all the people of this harbor, but the people say that they should rather have their few potatoes dug than be fooling with the law about frivolities.

Since the noble Sergeant arrived at this harbor he has created more disturbances that he has ever quelled. We cannot think for a moment how the Government allows two idle constables, paying them large salaries, in a place like this, whereas one can do the work of both. One of them acts for himself as a real blacksmith, and the other poses as a carpenter. By publishing the above you will oblige the people here, as probably the Government don’t know the actions of our local “invincibles.”
………. I remain, your CORRESPONDENT.

Another Note: ‘His Honor’ the ptarmigan hunter is probably Judge Daniel Woodley Prowse. Dictionary of Canadian Biography – D W Prowse

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Bishop Mullock’s Letter to the Road Board re Salmonier Line 1856

[This letter was written by Bishop Mullock from Placentia, Aug 10 1856.]

To the Honorable the Board of Works.
Gentlemen, — Having arrived here last night, it may be interesting
to you to know the state of the Road between St John’s and this.
I will therefore divide the road into four sections and give you a
description of each, premising, however, that the advertisement
for Contracting for carrying the Mail by waggon may be withdrawn,
as the Road is impassable for a horse even in any weather without
the assistance of a gang of men.
1.– The Road from St John’s to the middle house on the Salmonier
Road is fair enough, and after a little improvement about Holyrood
may be considered as finished.
Considering the ground and the resources of the country all that is
necessary is to keep it in repair.
2.– From Shelly’s to Collinet the greater part of the Road is only a
bridle path, and a very dangerous one. And near Salmonier, it is
almost impassable for foot passengers. If Mr. Delaney be allowed to
continue his men until October, and a hundred or two added to the
grant for that time, a carriage road will be made to Colinet (sic). Mr.
Byrne will I hope, have the portion between Shelly’s and Salmonier
also completed.
3.– The Road that Mr. Delany has already finished in his portion is
as good as any in the neighbourhood of St John’s, and carrages (sic)
may be driven with safety on it at the rate of ten mile an hour.
4.– At the Placentia side of Colinet, very little has been done unless
to longer (sic) the greater portion of the marshes. Unless in dry
weather it is totally unsafe for a horse. My waggon was drawn
through the swamps by 25 or 30 men, but although in the month
of August it was with the greatest difficulty that the horses could be
got through. Mr. Rielly is anxious to get the Road done, but the small
sum placed at his disposal is of no use, unless to patch up the very
bad places. I regret to hear that a sum of over L600 is in the hands
of the Placentia Board, and that it is intended to keep this until the
Fall, more as a pauper relief fund than a road fund.
Now, with this money something may be done, but according to the
system of laying it out in the Fall, it is a fraud on the public and
a source of demoralization for the people. The road money is more
considered as a supplementary pauper fund to be dole out not for the
work done (for at the season it is to be distributed very little work
can be done.) but for the benefit of people who look to it as a resource
after the summer fishery ; they therefore become improvident — lose
their energy and independence, and like the yellow meal, the road money
becomes a curse instead of a blessing. I hope that your Honourable Board
will cause the remaining L600 to be laid out on the road, otherwise the
whole affair is but a delusion, and Placentia will be as far as ever from
St John’s. ~ It is perfectly intolerable, barbarous, and savage; and
calculated to brutalize the poor people who for want of roads are
isolated from all human intercourse. I would also suggest the
establishment of a house between Colinet and Placentia, and a grant
of about L25 a-year to the occupier for a few years. Were it not that
I had for a night the hospitable shelter of Mr. Reilly’s tilt, I should have
slept in the woods. I may remark, also that the land is excellent, deep
rich soil, fine timber and water, everything in fact requisite for the
home of a rich and happy people. All that is required is, that the
country should be opened up and when its capability will be known,
an industrious class of settlers will be located there, and Newfoundland,
instead of being a ?blot on civilization, will become what God intended
it, a cultivated country and not a savage wilderness.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . I have the honour to remain, Gentlemen,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Your most obedient servant,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (no signature)
Placentia, August 10 1856.

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Cozens to Crowdy – Re John Murphy 1845

GN 2/2 CS2
Cozens to Crowdy, Col. Sec.
Brigus 12 Aug 1845

Dear Sir

I beg to inform you that a person by the name of John Murphy
blacksmith and his brother of Chappels Cove
have been for a long
time troublesome to the Court here, often times applying for a
number of summonses for Chappels Cove people at other times
applying for actions of damages which this court could not grant.

It appears from information I have received the said Murphy had
made himself very obnoxious to the people by many acts of petty
tyranny &c.

The people complains that he applyt for a grant of Chappels Cove
Pond and did commence draining it dry to cultivate or make a
meadow of it, which would be a great injury to them as it is the
only way of getting fire wood and timber the winter and some times
in small boats in the spring of the year when the brooks are high,
but they say he faild in getting a grant, but that he is one of
the Commissioners for making roads and have such influence over
the rest as he got a bridge built in such a way as to obtain his
object in draining the pond out of revengeful feeling to them.

The whole of the people of that place is very much incensed against
him. Some time ago a man by the name of Murphy mason a relation of
Johns and I believe employ’d by him came here to take an action
for a large amount against the Chappels Cove people for breaking
down a part of the bridge because it tended to drain the pond.
He was told it could not be taken here and instructed what to do.
I hear it is said John Murphy apply’d to the Attny General Mr. Simms.
I do not here (sic) if any thing was done or not.

To day a man by the name of Luke Flemming apply’d who says he is
working about Chappels Cove Bridge but he is no mason and I think
acting only under Murphy’s direction. He states he came from St.
Johns and that he brought notices to serve on the parties from the
Soliciter General and that he instructed him to come to me and lodge
complaint and have them all bound down to the Peace he further
states that Mr. Gill was sent round to settle the dispute between
them &c. But I have only his word for it and he is a stranger. As
many of the Chappels Cove people had been brought down by Murphy &
his brother at sundry times, some bound to the peace and others not
proved guilty and that there has been such a very bad feeling between
them for such a lenght of time.

I thought it prudent before I summons all those people at a
considerable distance and in the midst of the fishery to advise with
you. I shall feel obliged by your inquiring of the late Attorny General
if complaints was made to him as they said it was and if the affaire
was settled and further if Mr. Gill was sent round and if he ordered
it to be built in the way they are doing it now. Being assured this
affair was in the hands of the Attorney General I thought advisable
not to meddle with it until I was better informed.

I took the said Flemming complaint told him it should be attended to
as soon as I heard from St. John’s.

I would beg to suggest if it would not be desirable to send some
disinterested person to examine this place that have caused so much
disturbance for such a length of time.

You will please have the kindness to give me an answer as soon as

Dear Sir
C. Cozens
I have the honor to be you most ob’d Servant

ref: doc #335 from Joe Byrne, Holyrood Public Library June2009
Transcribed from a typewritten photocopy.
Charles Cozens (1784 ? August 6, 1863), politician, magistrate, was elected to the House of Assembly representing the district of Conception Bay on the first general election held in Newfoundland in 1832.

Cozens was born at Blandford, Dorset England and immigrated to Newfoundland in the early 19th century. He was a cooper by trade and is accredited with establishing the road from Brigus to Makinsons. Cozens served for only one term at the Newfoundland House of Assembly and did not run in the general election that was held in 1836. He was appointed Stipendiary magistrate for Brigus, a position he held until his death on August 6, 1863.[1]

Encylopedia of Newfoundland & Labrador – Charles Cozens

James Crowdy
CROWDY, JAMES, office-holder; b. 1794 in England; d. 17 April 1867 at Newton Abbot, Devon, England.

James Crowdy served as clerk of the Council and colonial secretary of Cape Breton Island from 1814 until 1820 when Nova Scotia absorbed that previously independent colony. On 15 Sept. 1831 Crowdy with his wife, Elizabeth (Eliza) (d. 1836), and family arrived in St John’s from Bristol, England, to take up new duties as Newfoundland’s colonial secretary and clerk of the Council. In addition to these appointments he was collector of crown rents, which brought his total official yearly income to £800.

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Halfway House – Walter Shelly to Thomas Murphy 1857

Saint Johns 18th May 1857

In reply to yours of the 14th inst. in reference to the Claims of
Walter Shelly late keeper halfway house Salmonier road for repairs.
I beg leave to acquaint you for the information of the Lieutenant
Governor that Mr. Shelly have made considerable improvements at his
own expence from time to time in and about the halfway house, which
has contributed much to the comfort and convenience of Travellers.

A report have been made to me that some injury had been done to the
House by the removal of some of the fixtures, I waited on R. F.
Sweetman last evey (sic ?evening) who stopped in the house on Sunday
night, and he has permitted me to say that there is no damage done
the premises with the exception of two or three broken panes of glass.

I would take the liberty of recommending L40 to be paid Shelly a sum
considerably less than what he has expected.

It would be desirable that Mr. Shelly’s successor should take
possession of the premises at once to prevent any inconvenience to
the public, and that some small advance in money should be given (? to)
enable him to remove his family there.

Hon’ble ?J. Kent ………………………………. I have the honor to remain
Colonial Secretary …………………………….. [an indecipherable squiggle]
……………………………………………… your obedient servant
……………………………………………… John (completely illegible)
Eileen’s Note: It’s possible that ‘John (completely illegible)’ could be John Murphy.

doc. No 2 photocopy from Joe Byrne Holyrood Library
[transcribed by me from the handwritten document.]

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Road Report 1844 – John Murphy

Road Reports
Report of Road Commisioners – District of Harbor Main.

Chapless (sic) Cove, January 24, 1844.

Sir,– I have the pleasure now to lay a Statement before you of our proceedings as
regards Road making in the District I have the honor to be Chairman of.
Between Salmon Cove and Harbor Main about two miles and a-quarter of a road
have been formed, levelled and gravelled, and four Bridges Built.
In Harbour Main about one hundred and forty perches of a Road or Street have
been formed, levelled, and a large Bridge repairing. (sic)

On the main line between Chapless (sic) Cove and Holyrood about one mile and
three-quarters of a road have been formed and levelled, and about one mile of the
same gravelled.

Ninety-one Pounds currency have been paid to Parties for Compensation for Garden
Ground, etc, taken from them on the main line of Road in Salmon Cove, Harbor
Main, Chapless Cove, and Holyrood.

There is on hand about One Hundred and Nine Pounds Currency as yet not
appropriated and according to the opinion of the commissioners it will take about
Five Hundred more to complete it.

Chairman of Road Commissioners, District of Harbor Main.

Page A-LXII Image 231 of 420
Journal of the General Assembly of Newfoundland: second session of the
third General Assembly
St John’s W.R. Shea, 1844
Frequency: Sessional
Document Source: Memorial University of Newfoundland, Queen Elizabeth II Library
Collection: Colonial Government Journals
CIHM no.: 9_02227_2
Page Count: 420
PLEASE NOTE: This item is no longer available on the MUN website.

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Murphy – Voter’s Lists & Directories

The following Murphy and associated families information will eventually (I hope) be attached to the Murphy Tree post, or to some other connected tree. Some of this information is already, obviously related, and when I get a moment (or two) I will add these to the bibliography in the appropriate post.
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I put this Duff file together from an obituary I found in the St John’s Evening Telegram for Apr 25 1925. The obit provided so much information that I couldn’t resist a little research. The obit (which is quite long) is located at the end of this post.
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Walsh James – Harbour Main

Yes, I have two Walsh clans – I get my name from the Holyrood family on my father’s side, but my mother’s family has Walsh connections from Harbour Main.
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Murphy Tree

My Murphy Tree is truly a result of group effort! The research material which was given me, and the peripheral research required to confirm the connections, would, I think fill a book.
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Targett – Holyrood, Salmonier Line

The Targett or Targate family name has been in Holyrood for at least 200 years but is remarkably difficult to track. Some years ago, I found some birth records at PANL that I’ve posted at Harbour Grace RC Marriages 1822-1888 Extracts
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Salmonier Line of Road & Halfway House

The ‘Salmonier Line of Road’ had the humblest of beginnings. On Wednesday, April 30th 1834, a number of Resolutions were read in the House of Assembly, some ‘for the purpose of opening, making and improving Roads’ in the Colony.
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The Halfway House from “Come Ashore”

This article was taken from “Come Ashore to Holyrood” Compiled by Mary G. Veitch, R.N. (1989)1
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Murphy – Halfway House & Chapel’s Cove

About ten years or so ago my Murphy family was based on an article printed in ‘Come Ashore to Holyrood’ that provided some history on the Halfway House. In it the Murphy’s were described as being the original proprietors – John Murphy of Chapel’s Cove being named as the first caretaker. He had moved his family into the bush 7 miles from Holyrood to protect them from a cholera epidemic; the year was not given. While living there, the road from St John’s to Placentia had been begun – was finished – the Halfway House had been built – John Murphy was given the job as caretaker…and the rest was history.
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Newspaper Items 1812-1816

Note the use of the letter ‘f’ which was generally used as the second ‘s’
in words until the late 1700s. This ‘f’ is actually a ‘long s’ and
if written in long hand wouldn’t (or shouldn’t) have the crossbar. Examples
of the long s in a hand written document almost always show an s that is
stretched in length below the line of text and (depending on the speed
of the writer) can look more like an f than an s. And, since rules are made
to be broken – many of the documents I’ve seen do have a crossbar – those
s’s look like f’s.
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